Canon is arguably the greatest camera manufacturer on the planet, and the company has a massive range of models designed to cover all photography needs. We have undertaken an in-depth comparison to let you know the crucial specs of the major models. We will also discuss how to go about choosing a camera and let you know our top recommendations, depending on what sort of photographer you are.

Professional Full-Frame DSLR Cameras

canon-professional-cameras

Below you can see Canon’s most high-performing cameras. These are aimed at professional and semi-professional photographers. Using them effectively will require a bit of know-how, and purchasing them will require some cash. However, if you are after the best images, then these devices are up to the task.

ModelImage ProcessorSensor TypeMegapixelsISO RangeAF PointsBurst mode (fps)VideoDisplay (Size and Resolution)Approx. Price
1D XDual DIGIC 5+Full-frame CMOS18.150 – 204,80061141080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.2″, 1040k$4,600
1D X Mark IIDual DIGIC 6+Full-frame CMOS20.250 – 409,60061164K 60fps 1080p 120fps3.2″, 1620k$6,000
1D CDual DIGIC 6+Full-frame CMOS18.150 – 204,80061144K 24fps

1080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.2″, 1040k$3,700
5D Mark IIIDIGIC 5+Full-frame CMOS22.350 – 102,4006161080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.2″, 1040k$2,650
5D Mark IVDIGIC 6+Full-frame CMOS30.150 – 102,4006174K 30fps 1080p 60fps 720p 120fps3.2″, 1620k$2,780
5DsDual DIGIC 6Full-frame CMOS50.650 – 12,8006151080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.2″, 1040k$3,700
6DDIGIC 5+Full-frame CMOS26.250 – 102,400114.51080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$1,135
6D Mark IIDIGIC 7Full-frame CMOS26.250 – 102,400456.51080p 60fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$1,900

APS Cameras for Advanced Users

canon-eos-cameras

The following cameras are designed for advanced users who want to take quality images, just without paying a massive price tag. These cameras have sensor sizes just down from full-frame models, which is the main reason for their lower price.

ModelImage ProcessorSensor TypeMegapixelsISO RangeAF PointsBurst mode (fps)VideoDisplay (Size and Resolution)Approx. Price
7DDual DIGIC 4APS-C CMOS18100 – 12,8001981080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 920k$845
7D Mark IIDual DIGIC 6APS-C CMOS20.2100 – 51,20065101080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$1,060
60DDIGIC 4APS-C CMOS18100 – 12,80095.31080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$790
70DDIGIC 5+APS-C CMOS20.2100 – 25,6001971080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$860
77DDIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6004561080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$800
80DDIGIC 6APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6004571080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$1,350
Rebel T5DIGIC 4APS-C CMOS18100 – 12,800931080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 460k$370
Rebel T5iDIGIC 5APS-C CMOS18100 – 25,600951080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$480
Rebel T6DIGIC 4+APS-C CMOS18100 – 12,800931080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 920k$450
Rebel T6iDIGIC 6APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6001951080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$700
Rebel T6sDIGIC 6APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6001951080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$600
Rebel T7iDIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6004561080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$750
Rebel SL1DIGIC 5APS-C CMOS18100 – 25,600941080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$600
Rebel SL2DIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 51,200951080p 60fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$650

Mirrorless Cameras

canon-mirrorless-cameras

DSLR camera uses a mirror to reflect light into a viewfinder. Now, as their name suggests, mirrorless cameras don’t contain a mirror or optical viewfinder. Advantages they have over DSLR devices include faster autofocus and less noise.

ModelImage ProcessorSensor TypeMegapixelsISO RangeAF PointsBurst mode (fps)VideoDisplay (Size and Resolution)Approx. Price
M3DIGIC 6APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,600494.21080p 30fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$680
M5DIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6004991080p 60fps 720p 60fps3.2″, 1.62M$980
M6DIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24.2100 – 25,6004991080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$900
M50DIGIC 8APS-C CMOS24.1100 – 51,200143104K 25fps

1080p 60fps, 720p 120fps

3.0″, 1040k$900
M10DIGIC 6APS-C CMOS18100 – 25,600494.61080p 30fps 720p 60fps3.0″, 1040k$450
M100DIGIC 7APS-C CMOS24100 – 25,600496.11080p 60fps

720p 60fps

3.0″, 1040k$550

Point and Shoot Cameras

canon-point-and-shoot-camera-comparison

As their name suggests, point and shoot cameras are some of the easiest to use. If you are a rookie photographer, then they are a good starting point before progressing to a more complex model. Typically, these cameras have very small sensor size and other low specs, which is the reason for their cheaper price tags.

ModelImage ProcessorSensor TypeMegapixelsISO RangeAF PointsMax FpsVideoDisplay (Size and Resolution)Approx. Price
ELPH 180DIGIC 4+1/2.3”20100 – 160010.8720p 25fps

480p 30fps

2.7”, 230k$120
ELPH 190 ISDIGIC 4+1/2.3”20100 – 160010.8720p 25fps

480p 30fps

2.7”, 230k$160
ELPH 360 HSDIGIC 4+1/2.3”20.280 – 320017.21080p 30fps

720p 30fps

480p 30fps

3”, 460k$200
G1X Mark IIDIGIC 61.5”13.1100 – 12,800315.31080p 30fps

720p 30fps

480p 30fps

3”, 1040k$600
G1X Mark IIIDIGIC 7APS-C24.2100 – 25,600499.31080p 60fps

720p 30fps

480p 30fps

3”, 1040k$1,100
G3XDIGIC 61”20.2125 – 12,800317.31080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3.2”, 1060k$850
G5XDIGIC 61”20.2125 – 12,800317.61080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 1040k$700
G7X Mark IIDIGIC 71”20.2125 – 12,800318.11080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 1040k$680
G9X Mark IIDIGIC 71”20.2125 – 12,800318.01080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 1040k$430
SX60DIGIC 61/2.3”16.1100 – 640016.61080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 921k$450
SX420 ISDIGIC 4+1/2.3”20.0100 – 160090.5720p 25fps

480p 30fps

3”, 230k$240
SX530 HSDIGIC 4+1/2.3”16100 – 320011.61080p 30fps

720p 30fps

3”, 461k$280
SX540 HSDIGIC 61/2.3”20.380 – 320015.91080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 461k$380
SX620 HSDIGIC 4+1/2.3”20.280 – 320017.11080p 30fps

720p 30fps

3”, 921k$260
SX720DIGIC 61/2.3”20.380 – 320015.91080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 921k$280
SX730DIGIC 61/2.3”20.380 – 320015.91080p 60fps

720p 30fps

3”, 921k$400

What to Look for in a Sensor

The main consideration when selecting a camera should be sensor size. This measurement has the main impact on the quality of an image. The larger the sensor size, the more light can be used to create an image. The more light that can be used, the more detail present in an image.

Different sensor sizes, from biggest to smallest, are listed below.

  • Full Frame
  • APS-H
  • APS-C
  • 5”
  • 4/3”
  • 1”
  • 1/1.2”
  • 2/3”
  • 1/1.7”
  • 1/2.3”
  • 1/3.2”

Photographers seeking professional images would typically use a full-frame camera. Advanced users may want to settle on a slightly smaller APS-C sensor. Causal photographers would probably be happy with an even smaller size.

What About Megapixels?

A sensor’s megapixels has an impact on image quality. One megapixel is one million pixels. Each of these pixels is a square of data that builds up an image. The more of them present, the sharper the final image will be. Remember that sensor size still comes first. For example, a 22-megapixel APS-C camera generally won’t be as good as an 18-megapixel full-frame camera.

ISO for Different Conditions

ISO is a measure of light sensitivity. The higher the reading, the more light that will be captured in an image, and vice versa. If you are primary filming in sunny conditions, then you will want a camera with a low minimum ISO. For filming indoors and at night you will want a camera with a higher max ISO.

Understanding Image Processors

Image processors work to process the data captured by a camera’s sensor.

The first thing you should note is that an image processor is irrelevant if shooting RAW footage. This footage is simply what the sensor sees, completely unprocessed.

When shooting JPEG an image processor does matter. Cameras take the raw footage captured by the sensor and then transform this into a better-looking image. For example, lighting or resolution issues can be automatically fixed.

The higher an image processor number, the better it is. For example, a DIGIC 6 is more powerful than a DIGIC 5. It’s that simple.

A camera’s image processor will also affect the speed obtainable in burst mode.

The Importance of Autofocus

The ability to manually or automatically hone in on a subject makes it easier for the user to take accurate shots. That’s why a camera’s autofocus capabilities are really important.

The main consideration is the number of AF (autofocus) points. The more of these, the better.

You should also consider a camera’s other autofocus functions such as face detection or autofocus tracking.

Why FPS Matters

If you’re going to be undertaking action photography, then chances are you will regularly use burst mode. For those unaware, this function allows photographers to take multiple photos in rapid succession. The speed of this mode is measured in fps (frames per second). The higher the number, the more images you can snap, which is important for getting that perfect shot of a moving subject.

Video Quality and Framerate

If you’re seeking more than still shots, then you will want to determine a camera’s video capabilities. First up is the video definition. The main options are listed below, from lowest definition to highest definition.

  • 480p
  • 720p
  • 1080p
  • 4K

The next important factor to consider is the frame rate per second. The higher this figure, the higher the quality of the footage.

Which is the Best Camera for Achieving Professional-Quality Photography?

If you after a darn powerful piece of technology then it’s hard to beat the Canon 1D X Mark II. This camera has a full-frame 20-megapixel sensor and 61 AF points. A max burst of 16fps makes this camera ideal for action photography. Not only can it take superb still shots but this device can also record 4K video. Now, 4K is professional-level footage that will require a powerful computer to edit and a lot of hard drive space for storage. Of course, you also have the option of recording 1080p at up to 120fps. The downside is that the device isn’t cheap with a price tag of around $6,000.

A close second place goes to the Canon 1D C. This camera has an 18-megapixel full frame sensor, 61 AF points, and a max burst of 14fps. You can easily hone in on and take rapid shots of a moving subject. It can also record 4K footage. The model costs around $3,700.

Which is the Best Camera for All-around Value?

If you’re a camera enthusiast who wants to get a powerful camera without destroying your bank account, then you may want to purchase an APS-C camera. These still have a large sensor size for capturing high-quality images.

A good option is the Canon 77D. You will be getting a 24-megapixel APS-C sensor, 45 AF points, and burst of 6fps. The camera can also record high-definition 720p and 1080p footage at 60fps. These features make the camera pretty good at doing everything, and you’re looking at a more affordable $800.

Another good choice is the Rebel T7i which also does everything well. A 24-megapixel APS-C sensor will allow you to take excellent photos. 45 AF points make it easy to hone in on any subject, and a 6fps burst is handy for actions photography. You can also record high-definition video at 60fps. The price tag is around $750.

Which is the Best Mirrorless Camera?

If you’re after a quality mirrorless camera, then you should consider the Canon M50. The device has a 24-megapixel APS-C sensor for capturing sharp images. What’s also amazing is the camera’s 143 AF points, which make honing in on your subject a breeze. You can also take advantage of a 10fps burst mode and 4K video recording at 25fps. The M50 costs around $900.

Which is the Best Camera for those on a Budget?

Beginner photographers, who want to take decent images without spending a fortune, should consider one of Canon’s point and click cameras. They are affordable, easy to use, and can still capture quality images.

The Canon G9X Mark II is a solid option. It is as simple as pointing its 1-inch 20-megapixel sensor at the desired target and clicking the button. Shooting is made especially easy by the device’s 31 AF points. An 8fps burst allows you to capture a succession of shots of any moving subjects. You will also have the ability to film 1080p at 60fps. Not bad for around $430.

If you want to go even cheaper, then you may like the Canon ELPH 360 HS. This device has a 1/2.3”20.2-megapixel sensor for basic photography. A 7.2fps burst is handy, as is the ability to film 1080p at 30fps. The price tag is only around $200.

Final Thoughts

You have many options ahead of you. Make sure you use the tables to compare the different models’ specs, as well as their prices. Regardless of your budget, you’re likely to find a camera that can do justice to your photography ambitions.